Introduction to Ethical Hacking
One of the most important questions to answer, before we start studying “Ethical Hacking”, is “Is it legal to teach students how to hack?”. I have been asked these questions a lot many times.
The answer to this question lies in the fact that, unless a student knows the insights of how the hackers do their stuff, they won ’t be ever able to secure the systems. We have to read a hackers mind, understand their workings, methodologies, in order to protect ourselves and our systems from getting compromised.
Take the example of military. They are taught how to attack, about the weapons, about the explosives and everything else. Why doesn’t anyone questions, is it ethical to teach them those stuffs. Obviously, everyone knows that it is for the welfare of the country. In the same way, teaching hacking is only the first step, in order to learn to secure.
Hacking is an art to perform operations, which were not originally intended or thought of. This may be legal or illegal depending on how you carry on the things.
Criminals use their hacking skills to perform frauds and illegal activities, which may not be approved by the community. Those who perform illegal activities with their knowledge are known as Crackers. Often media hype these type of activities as hacking, and the persons as hackers.
While the real persons, who use their hacking skills to develop something useful, or help securing the web space, are often called Ethical Hackers these days.
Companies often hire the white hat or the Ethical Hackers in their companies, to perform penetration test and secure their websites and servers.